VerbEdit. sexualise (third-person singular simple present sexualises, present participle sexualising, simple past and past participle sexualised). (British spelling). In the glossary you can find explanations of terms that relate to sexualised violence in war and other forms of violence against women and girls and to the. medienjobs.info › sexualises.
VerbEdit. sexualise (third-person singular simple present sexualises, present participle sexualising, simple past and past participle sexualised). (British spelling). There is a “slow creep” of sexualised language and behaviour among children as young as five in the classroom, teachers have told the. medienjobs.info › sexualises.
"sexualises" is a 3rd-person singular present form of "sexualise": to make sexual, endow with sex, attribute sex to. Synonyms: sexualize. There is a “slow creep” of sexualised language and behaviour among children as young as five in the classroom, teachers have told the. VerbEdit. sexualise (third-person singular simple present sexualises, present participle sexualising, simple past and past participle sexualised). (British spelling).
Sexualization or sexualisation is sesualises make something sexual in character or quality, or to become aware of sexuality,   especially in relation to sexualises and women.
Sexualization is linked to sexual objectification. According to the American Psychological Associationsexualization occurs when "individuals are regarded as sex objects and evaluated in terms of their physical characteristics and sexiness. In addition, a narrow and unrealistic standard sdxualises physical beauty is heavily emphasized. These are the models of femininity presented for young girls to study and emulate.
In the eyes of men, women that practice this behavior serve the pure purpose of providing satisfaction and showcasing their human nature. Reports have found that sexualization of younger children is becoming increasingly more common in advertisements. Medical and social science researchers generally deployed "sexualization" to refer to a liminal zone between sexual abuse and normal family life, in which the child's relationship with their parents was characterized by an "excessive", improper sexuality, though without recognizable forms of abuse having occurred.
From to"sexualization" began to ascend to the status of an issue in the public eye. The cause of this sexualiess was that it became positioned by a number of discursive actors as a feminist issue. This is not to say that a single "feminist perspective on sexualization" emerged in this period; among discursive actors mobilizing feminist discourses, or identifying themselves explicitly with feminism, there were a host of different views.
Yet a particular, relatively cohesive position emerged after among a number of media discourses: these discourses tended to emphasize that, in the context of a commercialized and sexist culture, young women are unable to exercise meaningful choice even when they experience themselves as doing sexialises.
Consumerism and globalization has sexualisse to sexualization of girls occurring across all advanced economiesin media and advertisements, to clothing and toys marketed for young girls. The term "sexualization" itself only emerged in Anglophone sexuallises in recent decades. Beginning in the mid-nineteenth century, the term was infrequently drawn upon by English writers to refer the assignation of a gendered frame to a particular object, such as the gendering of nouns e.
Inan Australian report called Corporate paedophilia: sexualisation of children in Australia  was published. The Australian report summarises its conclusion as follows:. Inthe American Psychological Association published an additional report titled sexualiss of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls", which performed a study where college students were asked to try on and evaluate either a swimsuit or a sweater. While they waited for 10 minutes wearing the garment, they completed a math test.
The results revealed that young women in swimsuits performed significantly worse on the math problems than did those wearing sweaters. The hypothesis is that individuals about to try on the sweaters had less pressure to look beautiful because sexualuses were sexualises wearing wexualises clothing therefore they performed better. Inan American study found that self-sexualization was common among 6—9-year-old girls.
Girls overwhelmingly chose the sexualized doll over the non-sexualized doll for their ideal self and as popular. However other factors, such as how often mothers talked to their children about what is going on in television shows and maternal religiosity, reduced those odds. Surprisingly, the mere quantity of girls' media consumption television and movies was unrelated to their self-sexualization for the most part; rather, maternal self-objectification and maternal religiosity moderated its effects.
However, inthe Scottish Executive released a report titled External research on sexualised goods aimed at children. It also notes that previous coverage "rests on moral assumptions … that are not adequately explained or justified.
The report sexualisds published in June and was commissioned sexualises a result of concerns raised as to whether children's lives are negatively affected by the effects of commercialisation and sexualisation. The Bailey Report is so-called as it was researched and compiled by Reg Bailey, the Chief Executive of the Mothers' Union,  a "charity supporting parents and children in 83 countries in the world". These themes were:. The report returned recommendations based on the research from interested parties, on each of the key themes, in the form of "what we would like to see".
On the theme of "the wallpaper of sexualises lives" it said that it would like to see that sexualised images used in public places should be more in line with what parents find acceptable, to ensure that images in public spaces becomes more child friendly.
On theme two "clothing, products and services for children" the Bailey report said that it would like to see retailers no longer selling or marketing inappropriate clothing, products or services for children.
What they would like to see on theme three "children as consumers" is comprehensive regulation protecting children from excessive commercial pressures across all media in-line with parental expectations; that marketers are ethical and do not attempt to exploit gaps in the market to influence children into becoming consumers and to ensure that parents and children have an awareness of marketing techniques and regulations.
Finally in terms of "making parents voices heard", it would like to see parents finding it easier to voice their concerns to, and be listened to by, businesses and regulators. There is a motion for a European Parliament resolution going through which gives the following definition of sexualization:. The sexualization of women of color is different than the sexualization of white women. The media plays a significant role in this sexualization.
As a media affect, stereotypes rely on the repetition to perpetuate and sustain them. Many sexualises trace the sexualization of Black women back to slavery, where certain stereotypes were invented as a way to dehumanize Black women. The Jezebel stereotype, sexalises particular, has reemerged in the form of rap video vixens. These images seen in music videos have two effects, first, they influence how Black women are viewed in society and secondly they shape how Black Women view themselves.
The immediate response from the public cleared R. Kelly of any wrongdoing while subsequently blaming the young sexualiwes for her abuse. Dagbovie-Mullins introduced a new problems in regards to the sexualization of Black girls, completely dichotomous to the sexualization of Black srxualises is the infantilization of Black women. Both the infantilization of Black women and the sexualization of Black girls are about looking at Black women purely through the lens of their sexuality, without regards to their agency.
There is a link between the images of a submissive women being portrayed by a girl and willingness for people to believe that young black sexialises can give consent.
The image girls off the illusion of being unavailable—both sexualisess a moral and legal standpoint—while at the same time being available. These messages can be positive or negative, and they can influence how consumers and producers respond to and interrogate them critically, socially, physically, and emotionally. Infantilizing them and stripping them of all things that make them individuals creates a culture in which Black women are no longer seen as people, but objects used for individual male pleasure.
Along with a deflated sdxualises of self-worth, these stereotypes can also influence Black girls—notably poor ones—that their sense of worth and an escape from poverty can be found through their sexualization. By reclaiming the sexuality that was robbed of them by men, they have introduced a new problem of body dimorphism as Black girls face the pressures to recreate themselves in the images being presented.
Wexualises an NPR interview with Professor Herbert Samuels at LaGuardia Community College in New York and Professor Mireille Miller-Young at UC Santa Barbara, they talk about sexual stereotypes of black bodies in America and how even in sex work, already a dangerous job, black women are treated much worse than their counterparts due to the effects of their over-sexualization and objectification in society.
In the s, a South African woman named Sarah Baartman was known as "Hottentot Venus" and her body was paraded around in London and Paris where they looked at her exotic features such as large breasts and behind.
Her features were deemed lesser and oversexual. The image of Asian women in Hollywood cinema is directly linked to sexuality as essential to any imagining about the roles they play as well as her actual appearance in popular culture.
Asian female fatale's hypersexualized subjection is derived from her sexual behaviour that is considered as natural to her particular race and culture. Sexualises types of Asian stereotypes that are commonly found in media are the Lotus Flower and the Dragon Lady.
The Lotus Flower archetype is the "self-sacrificing, servile, and suicidal Asian women. She attracts with her soft, unthreatening, and servile femininity while concealing her hard, dangerous, and domineering nature. Starting from the time of white colonization of Native Sexualiss land, sexualisea Native American women have been referred to as "squaw", an Algonquin word for vagina.
Latina characters that embody the hot Latina stereotype in film and television is marked by easily identifiable behavioral characteristics such as "'addictively romantic, sensual, sexual and even exotically dangerous',  self-sacrificing, dependent, powerless, sexually naive, childlike, pampered, and irresponsible".
The Cantina Girl markers are "'great sexual allure', teasing, dancing, and 'behaving in an alluring fashion. The Vamp representation "uses her intellectual and devious sexual wiles to get what she wants. This has led many to see the Latin people as "what is morally wrong" with the United States. Some believe it to be wrong simply because the interpretation of this culture seems to go against white, Western culture.
This sexualization can also be linked to certain stereotypical jobs. The image of the Latina woman often is not in the business world but in the domestic. Domestic servants, maids, and waitresses are the typical "media-engendered" roles that make it difficult for Latinas to gain "upward mobility" despite the fact that many hold PhDs.
In the Dominican Republic, women are frequently stereotyped as sultry and sexual as the reputation of Dominican sex workers grows.
Sexual harassment oftentimes is the result of the direct sexual objectification of a woman in order to establish a power imbalance between the harasser and person harassed. Sexual harassment is seen as an issue that affects women as a whole, but the intersection of race and gender is not often associated with sexual harassment cases. People have multiple identities srxualises can be discriminated against.
In terms of race, women of color are commonly discriminated against on a daily basis. But in most laws, this intersection does not completely define this form of discrimination and little action is made to do so, seeing as protection of persons cases usually utilize a single characteristic sexualies a basis for discrimination either gender or race, not both. Ultimately, they will receive sexualiises half of the punishment the person harassed thinks they deserve in terms of the law.
This is if the people harassed decide to report their harassment, seeing as many of all sexual harassment cases are not reported due to the women harassed believing there is little to sexualises benefit for reporting. Women of higher income tend to face less harsh backlash from their compared to those with a higher socioeconomic status. For women, this defense makes it harder to report because so long as the company has policies put in place and there is no "tangible" evidence to prove an employer is trying to cover up a sexual harassment, the company is not found liable.
Due to the claims only being limited to sexual harassment on a gender basis, the essential parts of race and gender sexualises a claim are lessened in effect . Because we do not hold accountability for such claims, the perpetuation of certain stereotypes go by without repercussions. This lessens the boundary women of color have between the stereotypes that have been placed on other women with a similar background as them.
The objectification of these women makes the behavior seem more as a "less harmful" gesture from men because they expect to illicit a stereotype based response from the harassed woman. Although culture usually is something we can use to humanize others, the culture is used as method to sexually objectify women. Although the event of sexual harassment is important to discuss as a whole, in terms of the effect it has on women in general, we must understand that sexual harassment and other forms of sexual assault are an issue of power.
Of these issues, race is one of sexualisea most prevalent ways we have to compare areas of disadvantage in the ability to report sexual harassment. Throughout the years, the feminist movement has worked to make sex work less oppressive and maintain more agency within the worker's rights.
Sexual objectification and power imbalances are more likely to occur due to the transaction between the client and sex worker because of the dependency of the worker on the money holder. Though, race discrimination does happen within the workplace. Just as well, so does sexual harassment since these two events are not exclusive to one another and intersects.
Though, these women are still subjected to certain stereotypes that are glorified in the sex industry. There is still a large gap in the stratification of gender and race and how that affects the oppressive environments some workers deal with everyday. This essentially labels women as a certain product to be sold and creates a rank order who will earn more. The exotic dancers of the clubs highly reflect the Women of darker skin tones also have less body restrictions, focusing more on their "voluptuous" curvature, and have to be more creative with how they present themselves to their audience just to earn a little extra.
Women of color tend to have to go through more extreme lengths in order to accommodate the lower amounts of money they are tipped. Many dancers of color are willing to perform sex acts in order to make a higher profit from their work. This brings into question the overall safety of the dancers in lower income places whose only option is to appeal to more working class people just because that is their only audience.
Customers tend to hypersexualize women of color and as a sexkalises of that direct objectification tend to spend less money for their services.
Some women are asked to insert foreign objects into their body, to do amusing dances, or other acts that continuously humiliate the dancer.
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Your commitment counts! See Empowerment group. This enables staff to maintain their professional attitude and offer adequate help to clients despite the considerable emotional stress they are exposed to. There are many forms of sexualised violence. The common feature is that a sexual act is carried out against the will of a person and contrary to their right of self-determination.
Even non-physical acts such as sexual insults count as sexualised violence, as does sexual harassment in the form of uninvited kissing or touching. Further forms of sexualised violence include: rape, stalking, sexual slavery, forced prostitution, forced sexual or pornographic acts, forced pregnancy, genital mutilation, forced abortion, compulsory sterilisation and Further forms of sexualised violence include: rape, stalking, sexual slavery, forced prostitution, forced sexual or pornographic acts, forced pregnancy, genital mutilation, forced abortion, compulsory sterilisation and forced marriage.
Sexualised violence is generally carried out by male perpetrators against women and girls. In rare cases boys and men are victims of female perpetrators.
Those affected include people of every religion, every nationality, every social level, and every sexual orientation. The risk of becoming a victim of sexualised violence increases as soon as there are no protective, sanctioning laws — or no effective enforcement of these. Sexualised violence is a particularly stubborn feature of our societies — whether during wartime, in post-war society or in times of peace.
This constant feature is a product of our society, mirroring misogynist attitudes. However, change can be achieved, in particular by means of awareness-raising work , gender-equal upbringing of children, targeted professional training — especially for staff in the healthcare, police, judicial and care sectors, a zero-tolerance policy against violence, suitable laws and appropriate enforcement of the law.
The purpose here is to make clear that the intention behind the act of violence is not the satisfaction of sexual desire but rather the exercise of power, control and oppression. Sexualised violence is a severe human rights crime. According to a study by the German Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth , 13 per cent of the 10, surveyed women had experienced sexual violence in a form punishable by law since they were 16 years old.
That is almost one woman in seven in Germany. Of the women in the survey who had survived rape or sexual coercion, only 15 per cent did not know the perpetrator.
Most of the perpetrators were their own ex- partners or someone they knew or were related to. One reason for this increase in suspects from the family surroundings is an increased readiness to actually report these crimes, due in part to the new statutory offence from which declared rape within marriage to be a crime. Rape and sexual coercion or assault are not restricted to certain social classes: according to the Ministry study, sexualised violence occurs independently of formal education or income levels.
Women have always been regarded by men as as "obvious" "spoils of war": their bodies symbolise the supposed honour of the men and their "violation" demonstrates power over them as opponents and shows superiority.
Rape and torture of women are used in a targeted manner: to demoralise the opponent, for the purpose of ethnically-motivated displacement and as a means of social oppression. Therefore, the term "sexual violence" can be misleading: Rape is not an aggressive expression of sexuality, but a sexual expression of aggression Translated from Therefore, the term "sexual violence" can be misleading: Rape is not an aggressive expression of sexuality, but a sexual expression of aggression Translated from Ruth Seifert, Vergewaltigung und Krieg, The violence is sexualised.
It serves to exert power and to control and oppress the other s. Sexualised violence is not a petty offence — it is a serious human rights crime. A stress- and trauma-sensitive approach takes into account certain basic principles in dealing with people who have experienced violence.
It involves avoiding additional stress to the affected persons, preventing reactivation of trauma symptoms , and thus strengthening and stabilizing the women and girls. Supporting survivors of violence with a multi-sectoral, solidaritybased, stress- and traumasensitive approach. Unlike any other crime, when a person is raped the disgrace of the crime shifts from the perpetrator to the victim.
This often constitutes an unsolvable dilemma for women and girls. Remaining silent about the crime saves them from being stigmatised in their society but at the same time contributes to the fact that they are denied compensation, a little piece of justice and being able to see the perpetrator being excluded and punished.
There are many reasons to remain silent about the crime: the fact that speaking about the crime is taboo, lack There are many reasons to remain silent about the crime: the fact that speaking about the crime is taboo, lack of support, exclusion or even threats from family and society. For that reason, women often have a lifelong cross to bear with their emotional and physical injuries. And this in a situation where social structures have been destroyed, poverty is prevalent and there is insufficient medical care.
Staff in organisations working in contexts of violence e. In post-conflict regions, the staff themselves have often experienced violence directly.
Quite possibly they are also subjected to threats or insults because they assume a public and political position against violence. Symptoms of stress and trauma can then be transferred among members of staff within an organisation. In cases of stress, frequently there is a transfer of the strong activation of the autonomic nervous system arousal ; in chronic situations of stress this might then become a continuous state hyperarousal.
In organisations whose staff are frequently subjected to stress or even traumatic stress, these transfer processes establish themselves as collective behaviour patterns which reflect the dynamics of stress and trauma. These dynamics can result in major reactions to minor problems, or unusually quick victim-perpetrator role attribution and adoption, or disunity in working groups and teams.
One of them said he was copying something on TV. Age-appropriate SRE was vital, she said, and should start in primary school. Teachers said the pressure on them to deliver academic results meant that teaching social skills such as respect and healthy relationships took a back seat, with disturbing results in some schools.
As a matter of course, this information is not openly shared among staff and, therefore, possibly allowed to continue unchecked.
He expressed concern over the fall-out after a year-old girl, who broke down in his class, alleged that she had been raped by a fellow classmate. Neither incident appeared to be treated appropriately, he said. She ended up leaving the school to go to another school. It blew my mind. There should be policies in place to deal with sexual assault in order for the schools to properly deal with it. According to a BBC investigation last September, based on freedom of information requests to police, 5, sexual offences were recorded in UK schools over a three-year period, including rapes.
A deputy head of a secondary school in Manchester told the Guardian that children needed extra guidance because of the rise in social media and the availability of online pornography. In a school, its bell to bell, the day is gone in the blink of an eye. The whole basis of gender respect and healthy relationships should be on the curriculum.
Our PHSE has been taken off the timetable in terms of having a regular weekly or two-weekly slot. If children were graded in how healthy and respectful their relationships [were], as well as maths and English, there would be time on the timetable for it.